Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Sustainable Architecture-One planet, one experiment

Sustainability means managing the resources well without damaging the environment now or in the future. In other words sustainability also refers to ensure that our decisions today may not harm the future opportunities for future generations. Now, have you ever thought that what a sustainable architect does in terms of product, process or buildingdesign?Sustainable architecture is a term that describes environmental friendly design methods in the field of architecture.

A client can believe on sustainability but the proof and evidence can help the client to better understand the concept of sustainability. Architect Brighton offers sustainable modern architecture, design and master planning service in order to meet the needs of their clients. Their goal is to create -green’ architecture which is magnificent in terms of design, keeping in mind the sustainable lifestyle and culture. Sustainable architect is not an individualist approach rather it’s a holistic approach. These architectsare more concerned about the reuseand recycling of the natural resources that are input to a building. A well designed building will have number of issues like water and energy utilization, proper use of materials and much more. Architects can deal with the ecological aspects of constructing these buildings. These aspects are designed to increase the efficiency without being detracting from the function of the building.

Sustainable architect focuses on designing a unique set of strategies to construct or develop a building intelligently. The architects minimize the use of nonrenewable resources in the development and function of buildings. These architects must consider the material flow in the building ecosystem. Few of these have been mentioned below:

Building materials and used materials Energy usage and combustion by products Water usage and Graywater sewage Consumer goods and recyclable materials Solar radiation and wasted heat Wind and polluted air Rain and groundwater

Before constructing a building, Architect Brighton keeps in mind three important strategies i.e. energy conservation, water conservation and material conservation. Apart from this, an architect should put certain efforts to reduce the impact of a building on its local environment (e.g., current terrain, plants, wildlife).In order to attain sustainability, Sustainable architect must be well educated and professionally trained about the various environmental issues. They must be well aware of the methods and techniques of developing a sustainable design building with economical use of natural resources. If the growth would concentrate on creating the best with what already prevails, re-using or adjusting current components and communities, certainly the outcomes would be remarkable.

Importance of AutoCAD in the field of engineering and architecture

Computer has recently entered in every field known to any man and it gives great results when it was used. In the field of architecture and engineering, the need for the computer has become a necessity now a days there is no such work possible, which is made without using a computer. As technology has improved recently, so the choice of technical tools and specific software, which are used in these areas. And for this reason that the CAD or computer aided design and its improved version of the CADD or computer aided design and projects have emerged from behind the scenes to bring a sigh of relief for those who find that it is very hectic and time to sit down and design images of a building and the project plan for the purpose of engineering.

The AutoCAD or computer aided design machine has been a great help to engineers and also for several architectures that are finding it impossible to deal with drawings and plans of the project engineering work and the bring on the verge of perfection. The AutoCAD in these cases helped to design the architectural perfection before designing the actual architecture involved in the project. The AutoCAD has a very user friendly interface and its programming by the end had been done with the help of the famous C + + compiler. It operates in accordance with several other programs such as LISP, Auto LISP, VBA,. NET etc. and this may be one of the suits and tools used by engineers to simplify their work perfect.

Autocad or commonly known as computer aided design is a software application for writing and design 2D and 3D. He came on stage during the month of December nineteen hundred and eighty two. Autocad pioneered programs / DAC held on personal computers, particularly IBM personal computer. Meanwhile, the programs of most other CAD used to run on minicomputers or mainframes that were connected to the terminal graph of each user’s computer. vertical products Autocad and Autocad are incompatible for the type of BitDefender software security.

Appended below are the guidelines for free download for AutoCAD and AutoCAD relevant information about the free download. What we have to do is download the autocad trial for 30 days and learn about the design in 2D and 3D design and documentation platforms. One will have the opportunity of receiving the current version of CAD software with free download autocad. It can shape and design the world around him with the help of powerful and flexible features of AutoCAD design software and documentation, with the help of 2D and 3D worlds leading CAD tools.

Latest Information about Autocad

Rendering Technology for Architecture Industry

As we know rendering technology of render farm used in deferent entertainment areas such as movie, animation, games etc. Rendering technology also used in building architecture industry. Rendering technology used in architecture industry known as 3d architecture rendering. Render farms are able to provide 3d software to complete a big architecture project easily and perfectly. By using rendering technology private owners can get a design to prepare the dream home at small charge. It is possible to watch real life look of the future building in the design created by a render farm, which is also called cloud render farm using 3d rendering technology.3d rendering technology help architects to build architectural models with perfect scales and dimensions. Rendering technology also used by architects or property owners to decide colors and materials perfect for their architecture. Most of the architects use cad software for 3d architecture rendering. Architects can also use 3ds Max, Revit, Archi CAD software for 3d architecture rendering. Architecture rendering provide designers and architects a clear concept about their task. They can avoid any kind of unwanted interruption and save a lot of time during architecture process. 3d architecture rendering is very popular in architecture industry for its various advantages such as this technology can produce a great efficiency during architecture development, little deference between design and bodily realization, designers or architects can visualize the development earlier to its architecture and it also increase trust in their design.3d architecture rendering have some sorts in architecture industry like 3d interior rendering, 3d exterior rendering, 3d product rendering etc. to complete a big architecture project rendering technology is the first thing essential for a property owner because it produce trust in a design through virtual visualization to modify before the architecture begins in the real world. So after all we can say that 3d architecture rendering is very essential innovation for architecture industry to build up architecture precisely with strong architectural design.

Traditional Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner And Architecture In Taiwan

Meal cult is an important part of countrys culture. Food and drink are the main necessities for sustaining life, and Taiwan cuisine takes a special place among the great cuisines of the world. Taiwan has a broad variety of dishes because of great ethnic diversity. The diversity of cuisines contains 8 principle types: Hoklo (or Taiwanese), Hakka, vegetarian cuisine, northern style cuisine, Hunan, Jiangzhe, Hong Kong, and Sichuan. Seafood is used in all these cuisines as a culinary culture of Taiwan that is simple and light.

In Taiwan people prefer to drink tea or coffee with some sandwiches for breakfast. They like fruits and sweets which are laid in a big plate on the table. For example, when the time for lunch comes, people eat salty dishes such as steamed and chopped chicken, steamed streaky pork with dry mustard cabbage, or dried mustard greens. Besides, they like rice with boiled eggs or fried potatoes with meat or fish. In Taiwan people have hundreds of receipts of dishes with rice and fish. Traditionally, Chinese dinner is laid at the round table in the center of which there is a flat circle on a revolving stand. It is necessary to point out that meals are served on big plates and are put in required amount on small plates by a person. At first cold snack is served, then time comes for hot dishes and only after these dishes the so called principle dishes are served.

In Taiwan people like to eat dishes with rice, meat and fish. In the end of dinner a soup or a broth is served. There is no dessert fruits and sweets are on the table during all the dinner and they are very often used in the principle dish (Bates 2005). Consequently, Taiwan cuisine represents one face by which a country is famous for. Traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Taiwan are similar to breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Europe; however, there are some details you should know about Taiwan cuisine.

Taiwanese architecture is composed of variety of styles. The old traditional architectural model of houses in Taiwan still exists here. However, traditional architectural features of Taiwanese style become unimportant when entertaining and commercial institutions, such as shops and theaters, are built. We should emphasize that modern Taiwanese architecture unites traditional Taiwanese and European architecture styles. There appear buildings in European style, such as buildings of foreign consulates, foreign concessions, banks, hotels and clubs in big cities.

Creating A Web Site With A Search Engine Optimized Architecture

A web sites architecture is what grounds all future search engine marketing efforts. An optimal web site architecture facilitates a search engine in traversing
and understanding the site. Therefore, creating a web site with a search engine optimized architecture is a major contributing factor in achieving and maintaining high search engine rankings.
Architecture should also be considered throughout a web sites lifetime by the web site developer, alongside other factors such as aesthetics and usability. If a new feature does not permit a search engine to
access the content, hinders it, or confuses it, the effects of good content may be reduced substantially.For example, a web site that uses Flash or AJAX technologies inappropriately may obscure the majority
of its content from a search engine.

Optimizing a sites architecture frequently involves tinkering with variables that also affect usability and the overall user perception of your site. When we encounter such situations, we alert you to why
these certain choices were made. Sometimes we find that SEO enhancements run counter to usability. Likewise, not all designs that are user friendly are search engine friendly. Either
way, a compromise must be struck to satisfy both kinds of visitors users and search engines.

One common misconception is that search engine optimization efforts can be made after a web site is launched. This is frequently incorrect. Whenever possible, a web site can and should be designed to be
search engine friendly as a fundamental concern.Unfortunately, when a preexisting web site is designed in a way that poses problems for search engines,search engine optimization can become a much larger task. If a web site has to be redesigned, or partially
redesigned, the migration process frequently necessitates special technical considerations. For example,old URLs must be properly redirected to new ones with similar relevant content.

Pangnse Advanced Ip Ngn Architecture System Engineer

Cisco Certified Architecture is the highest level of qualifications possible within the Cisco Requirements program. It is the epitome for individuals wanting to show their official approval of Cisco technologies and facilities structure.

This famous qualification recognizes the structural expertise of program Architectures who can support the increasingly complex networks of worldwide organizations and effectively turn organization methods into major technical methods. A Cisco Certified Architecture increases the organization requirements and objectives necessary to produce a strategy for a, large-scale, complex, worldwide program. They can turn organization factors and objectives into functional requirements for a program design. In addition, Cisco Certified Architectures can clearly communicate and recommend suggested Cisco program architectures.
Requirements

There are no official training applications available for the Cisco Qualified Architecture qualifications. However, candidates wanting to accomplish their Cisco Qualified Architecture qualifications must fulfill before an in-person panel made of Cisco-appointed examination panel associates during which the candidate protects their suggested system remedy.

Exam 650-754
Exam 650-754 includes 60 concerns and the time permitted is 60 moments or 1 hour. This test 650-754 is available in only British terminology. Applicants for Exam 650-754 can sign-up for examination at any Pearson VUE middle.

The 650-754 Innovative IP Next-Generation Network (NGN) Structure System Professional (PANGNSE) examinations will determine a learner’s understanding of the Cisco IP NGN architecture and capability to map specialized alternatives to business needs. This examination is a need of the Innovative IP NGN Structure Expertise for Systems Technical engineers.
650-752 Exam Topics

The following subjects are typical recommendations for the articles likely to be involved on the examination. However, other relevant subjects may also appear on any particular distribution of the examination. To be able to better indicate the 650-752 material of the examination and for quality requirements, the recommendations below may modify at any time without observe. They include:

Describe how to create and existing Cisco IP NGN alternatives as a company situation to the customer
Describe the Cisco IP NGN architecture
Describe Cisco IP NGN conditions and advantages
Describe Cisco IP NGN alternatives and how to arrange them with client needs
Describe typical client objections
Describe the aggressive surroundings and how to place Cisco IP NGN solutions
Describe how to create and existing Cisco IP NGN alternatives as a company situation to the customer
Describe the company and specialized advantages of the Cisco IP NGN architecture
Describe the company influencers for Cisco IP NGN structure applications
Implement Cisco IP NGN structure scenarios
Jobs of the Cisco Qualified Architecture
Lead growth and advance of architecture
Analyze engineering and industry market trends
Establish with regards to principles for networks
Selection of engineering and products
Identification of company resource needs
Direct the growth of connections and understanding strategy for system architecture

Applicants seeking to use to become a Cisco Qualified Architecture must also keep an actual Cisco Qualified Design (CCDE) certification, confirming their expert level style and company level skills set.

Enjoy the Architecture of Guru Ka Tal during Your Agra Tour

Agra, which is located on the banks of the holy Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is world-famous for the majestic Taj Mahal. The city served as a prominent seat of the Mughal Empire for a long period and was the capital of Hindustan during that time. It lies at a distance of about 200 km from the national capital – New Delhi and easily accessible by road, rail and air transport from different parts of the country. The city has an extreme climate in winters and summers, with moderate temperatures in the rest seasons. October to March is considered as the ideal time to visit this historical city. If you wish to witness the grandeur of Taj Mahal and other prominent attractions of this place, such as Agra Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri and Guru Ka Tal, then go for an Agra tour that can be availed from various travel agencies and travel portals.

Guru Ka Tal – History and Architecture

Originally, this reservoir was constructed in the year 1610, during the reign of Emperor Jahangir beside the tomb of Itibar Khan Khwajasara, to collect and preserve rainwater. The walls and embankments of this water reservoir have been made of rubble masonry and brick. It has a square design, with a long and wide ramp paved with stone slabs (khurra) and upright bricks, and stepped ghat. The walls of this structure feature four double-storied towers having an octagonal design. The top storey of these towers boasts of Mughal architecture, with an octagonal spire with brackets and pillars. The material that was used for constructing the ghat was red sandstone while the spire had been decorated with dazzling tiles. Constructed on a four feet high platform, this reservoir features four chhatris on its four corners with 16 pillars, with carved brackets and capitals. The corner domes of this place have a spherical design while the one on the sides have an oblong design.

At the time it was built, this reservoir had 12 towers, but today only eight can be seen. It had effective inlets of northern and western parts of the tank; a canal used for channelling excessive water in to the river and a dam on its south-eastern side. The water collected in this reservoir was used during dry seasons for irrigation. The terrace on the top floor is accessible through a wide red sandstone stairway, located on the southern side.

If you wish to witness Taj Mahal and other important attractions of Agra, then choose for those tour packages that include trips to all these important places. As this city offers a lot of see and to do, it gives the ideal opportunity to experience the best of India holidays.

Crystal Soil For Home Decor Or Floral Arrangements

Water Crystals is another name for Crystal Soil aka Water gel beads, crystal mud, or waterbeads.Water Crystals is a water absorbent polymer that is translucent, odourless, bio-degradable, 100% non-toxic, re-usable,stainless and environmentally friendly.

It has various uses including Floral and candle arrangements and can be used in the home, office or at events,weddings and other functions.It costs a fraction of the cost of marbles and comes in assorted colours. The different colours are derived from food dye. When soaked in water it can inflate to more than 100 times its original size.

Because water crystals come in assorted colours you can select the colours that match your home decoration such as your curtains, sofa, walls. Of course you need a clear vase or bowl.You can either use one colour,layer different colours or mix various colours together. One of my favourite combinations is when yellow is mixed with clear Crystals.What about Clear and Red layered on top of each other? It would certainly fit the motif of Christmas decorations. But water crystals are for everyday use and not just for christmas.

It helps to experiment with different colours and find the best colours that work for you.Its also amazing to see how these crystals grow from being as small as sesame seeds to the size of acorns.Dont stay up and watch it though as its like watching paint dry.

Water Crystals do not only come in different colours but also shapes. There are three main shapes most commonly used. The Pearls, which is probably the most popular, the cubes, and irregular crystals.

Water Crystals cost less than you think and are ideal gifts for friends and family.They not only provide aesthetics for your home interiors but are functional in supplying a steady stream of water to plants and cut flowers. You dont even have to water your plants as often.The steady stream of water ensures plants and flowers get water as and when they want it and not before and this results in healthy plants and cut flowers that last longer.

For more information or to make a purchase go to www.crystalsoil.com

An Initial Introduction To Interior Architecture

Interior architecture can be seen as different from architecture in that the interior rooms, halls, doorways + stairs can be re designed once the initial design for the architecture of the building as a whole is in place. Interior architecture can be used to completely re design, for example a room such as a kitchen, bathroom in a family home which is quite common or a meeting room or office layout in a business environment or modify the existing design based on original architecture.

The interior architecture of a building can be changed for many reasons, either practical, where the interior of a building is going to be used for a new purpose or due to changing fashions or updated technologies. Examples of this are very common in many towns and cities where the exterior of a building is in a style of when it was built, say in the late 19th century but it’s interior has been completely re vamped incorporating modern design fashions and the latest technology.

The use of interior architecture means that for many buildings over a hundred years old the development of the look and design of their interior and exterior could often be the work of many different architects or teams of architects. This has meant for many of our towns and cities the architecture on view can be widely varied and reflect many different periods of time, design fashions and architecture styles. Some of which can be seen as timeless whilst others from certain eras can be seen as garish and bad taste 20 – 30 years down the line.

However no matter what a buildings exterior may look like with the help of interior architects, refurbishment and fit out specialists the interior look and feel of many buildings can be totally transformed with enough time and money bringing them up to date, that is until the latest style, fashion and technologies need integrating a few years down the line.

The main thing to differentiate architecture + interior architecture is that an architect is concerned with the concept of designing a new building the interior architect is concerned with the modification of existing buildings, some of which the design can be seen as timeless and look good for centuries whilst other will be an eye saw and look dated within 10 – 30 years.

This is quite a large and interesting topic, for further reading would advise looking at books + articles, online, in bookshops, news agents or in libraries on architecture, design + interior design.
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